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By Geoff Layton

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Extra info for Access to History. From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany 1918-45 for Edexcel

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The Allies were not prepared to negotiate, which obliged an embittered Reichstag finally to accept the Treaty of Versailles by 237 votes to 138 in June. This was because Germany simply did not have the military capacity to resist. And so, on 28 June 1919, the German representatives, led by Hermann Müller, signed the treaty in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles near Paris. The Treaty of Versailles was a compromise, but only in the sense that it was a compromise between the Allied powers. So the really decisive negotiations were between the so-called ‘Big Three’: Key question Key terms Weimar’s Political Crisis | 27 Self-determination The right of people of the same nation to decide their own form of government.

In a national election it tends to give the most successful party disproportionately more seats than its total vote merits. g. the Nazis. This made it more difficult to form and maintain governments. In Weimar Germany it was virtually impossible for one party to form a majority government, and so coalitions were required – sometimes of three and even four parties. Furthermore, it was argued that all the negotiations and compromises involved in forming governments contributed to the political instability of Weimar.

Key terms Racist nationalism Reactionary Opposing change and supporting a return to traditional ways. Paramilitary units Informal non-legal military squads. Key dates White Terror The ‘Whites’ were seen as the opponents (in contrast to the Reds). The ‘White Terror’ refers to the suppression of the soviet republic in Bavaria in March 1919. The emergence of racist nationalism, or völkisch nationalism, was clearly apparent before 1914, but the effects of the war and its aftermath increased its attraction for many on the right.

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