Download Aesthetic Themes in Pagan and Christian Neoplatonism: From by Daniele Iozzia PDF

By Daniele Iozzia

When aesthetics as a self-discipline didn't exist earlier than the fashionable age, historic philosophers provide many insights approximately attractiveness and artwork. In past due Antiquity Plotinus faced the matter of good looks and the worth of the humanities. Plotinus reflections have an enormous position within the improvement of the idea that of the price of inventive mind's eye through the Renaissance and the Romantic period, yet he additionally motivated the creative style of his time. Aesthetic topics in Pagan and Christian Neoplatonism reconstructs the cultured philosophical perspectives of overdue Antiquity, and their relation to creative creation of the time. by means of studying the resonance of Plotinus proposal with modern artists and with Christian thinkers, together with Gregory of Nyssa, the ebook demonstrates the significance of Plotinus treatise On good looks for the improvement of overdue historical aesthetics. The Cappadocian fathers curiosity in Plotinus is explored, in addition to the resultant legacy of the pagan thinkers philosophy inside of Christian idea, reminiscent of the concept that of good looks and the narration of the contemplative adventure. Uniquely utilizing philological and philosophical perception, in addition to exploring either pagan and Christian philosophy, Aesthetic issues in Pagan and Christian Neoplatonism represents the 1st finished synthesis of aesthetic considered overdue Antiquity.

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Additional info for Aesthetic Themes in Pagan and Christian Neoplatonism: From Plotinus to Gregory of Nyssa

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In one sense, life in the sensible world can be assimilated to the fictive representation of the drama, and therefore it is not to be taken seriously and the soul should not be intimitated; in another sense, the metaphor indicates that the universal logos confers order to the cosmos like a poet/director, giving to each soul a specific and diverse part, as the different characters in a drama contribute to its accomplishment. The central role of this metaphor in the context of Plotinus’ reflection on providence is highlighted by the shift of style that occurs in the three chapters compared to the rest of the treatise, with an abundance of images and the reference to artistic activity, closely related to everyday life and aimed at capturing the reader’s attention.

It is his written output in this role which is extant,30 with the exception of the De virginitate, composed on Basil’s commission before Gregory was appointed bishop. Nevertheless, Gregory’s education and interest in Greek literature emerges in his works and can be well observed in the letters to some eminent personalities in the culture of his age. It is not easy to determine when Gregory became interested in philosophy. 31 When mentioning pagan philosophers, especially in the Contra Eunomium, his intent is to confute his opponent by showing that he simply plagiarized the doctrines 32 Aesthetic Themes in Pagan and Christian Neoplatonism of the pagans, who did not know the true notion of God.

His vision is expressed through the image of the theatre as a way to account for all the aspects of reality which at first glance do not seem to fall within a rational pattern. The metaphor of art, then, becomes the ultimate method of expressing the complexity of the human condition. 2 Philosophy and Culture of Gregory of Nyssa The impact of philosophy on Christianity Having seen Plotinus’ attitude towards art and rhetorical expression, it is useful now to turn our attention to the specific element which characterizes the transformation of ancient civilization – that is, its encounter with Christianity.

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