Download An Introduction to Indian Philosophy by Roy W. Perrett PDF

By Roy W. Perrett

This wide-ranging advent to classical Indian philosophy is philosophically rigorous with no being too technical for newbies. via designated explorations of the whole diversity of Indian philosophical matters, together with a few metaphilosophical matters, it offers readers with non-Western views on critical parts of philosophy, together with epistemology, good judgment, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of faith. Chapters are dependent thematically, with each one together with feedback for extra interpreting. this gives readers with an educated review while allowing them to target specific themes if wanted. Translated Sanskrit texts are observed through authorial reasons and contextualisations, giving the reader an knowing of the argumentative context and philosophical form of Indian texts. a close word list and a consultant to Sanskrit pronunciation equip readers with the instruments wanted for examining and figuring out Sanskrit phrases and names. The ebook could be a vital source for either novices and complex scholars of philosophy and Asian studies.

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What is philosophy for? How should philosophy be done? ’ can be more charitably construed as raising genuine issues of clarification about what is to count as philosophy. We need to begin by distinguishing two senses of ‘philosophy’. One is a familiar non-technical sense of that term: roughly, a complete world-view that could be regarded as providing a fully coherent explanation of everything. Uncontroversially, there is Indian philosophy in this non-technical sense of ‘philosophy’. But there is also a second, more technical sense of ‘philosophy’.

The Navya-Naiyāyika philosophers developed a powerful technical language which became the language of all serious discourse, an intentional logic of cognitions increasingly construed by most Indian philosophers as being independent of the realist metaphysics of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika. As already mentioned, the medieval period of Indian philosophy is the period of the great commentators. Accordingly, some writers have disparaged the writings of this period as mostly arid scholasticism and polemics, contrasting them unfavourably with the creative work of the preceding classical period.

Indian philosophy: a brief historical overview The ancient period of Indian philosophy The classical period of Indian philosophy The medieval period of Indian philosophy The modern period of Indian philosophy Western conceptions of Indian philosophy Suggestions for further reading 1ValueIntroduction The structure of value: the puruṣārthas Dharma and mokṣa: moral and non-moral values Hindu value pluralism Obligation, desire and liberation Theories of moral motivation Desire and action in the Bhagavadgītā Virtue and the supramoral Defending the primacy of liberation Buddhist ethics Intention (cetanā) in Buddhist ethics Buddhist consequentialism ‘No-self’ and selflessness Jaina ethics Conclusion Suggestions for further reading 2KnowledgeIntroduction The structure of knowledge according to pramāṇa theory Indian and Western epistemologies Knowledge and pramā Truth and prāmāṇya Perception (pratyakṣa) Determinate and indeterminate perception The theory of error (khyātivāda) Testimony (śabda) and other pramāṇas Scepticism in Indian and Western epistemologies Nāgārjuna's critique of the pramāṇas Jayarāśi and truthfulness Śrīharṣa and the necessity of the pramāṇas Conclusion Suggestions for further reading 3ReasoningIntroduction Early Nyāya logic Fallacies, debate and dialectics Medieval Buddhist logic Navya-Nyāya logic Pervasion and the problem of induction Cārvāka scepticism about inference The Nyāya defence of induction The Advaitin defence of induction The Buddhist defence of induction Pragmatic defences The scope of inference: anumāna, upamāna, arthāpatti and anupalabdhi The Buddhist tetralemma (catuṣkoṭi) Jaina logic Conclusion Suggestions for further reading 4WordIntroduction Word-meaning Sentence-meaning The problem of sentential unity How are meanings established?

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