Download An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper by Roberta Corvi PDF

By Roberta Corvi

It is a finished advent to the philosophical and political considered Karl Popper, now on hand in English. it truly is divided into 3 components; the 1st half offers a biography of Popper; the second one half appears to be like at his works and recurrent subject matters, and the 3rd half assesses his critics. It was once licensed of through Popper himself as a sympathetic and finished examine, and may be perfect to satisfy the expanding call for for a precis creation to his paintings.

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Extra info for An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper

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A theory may be taken as corroborated to the extent that it stands up to testing. Of course, there are various degrees of corroboration that make a theory more or less desirable, more or less reliable, but contrary to what one might think, the number of corroborating instances does not count for very much. The key factor is rather: the severity of the various tests to which the hypothesis in question can be, and has been, subjected. But the severity of the tests, in its turn, depends upon the degree of testability, and thus upon the simplicity of the hypothesis: the hypothesis which is falsifiable in a higher degree, or the simpler hypothesis, is also the one which is corroborable in a higher degree.

To solve the ‘Kantian problem’, a theory of knowledge must offer a sufficient criterion to distinguish the propositions of the empirical sciences from non-scientific, and especially metaphysical, propositions (BG: 4). ’ (BG: 287). For centuries the bestestablished response was the one that appealed to induction, but Popper claims to have a better criterion that allows us to avoid the aporias of inductivism. The first and most urgent problem to resolve is therefore 24 THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL WORKS the problem of demarcation.

Rather, it is repetition-for-us (what appears to us as repetition but perhaps not to a spider) which results from our attempt to impose regularities upon the world. We try to discover similarities in it, and to interpret it in terms of laws invented by us. Without waiting for premises we jump to conclusions. These may have to be discarded later, should observation show that they are wrong. (CR: 46) But whereas the inductivist lays the stress on positive instances, Popper places it on negative ones—on counter-examples, refutations and all kinds of criticism (OK: 20).

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